2 April 1941

2 April 1941

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2 April 1941

April 1941



Sir Kinahan Cornwallis, the new British ambassador to Iraq, arrives in Baghdad on the day after a pro-Axis coup.

North Africa

British retreat from Mersa Brega

Fast Facts

Region: Aegean / Ionian Sea
Group: World War 2 Occupations
Classification: Military Occupation
Prior Regime: Kindom of Greece.
Key Dates:
1940, Oct – Italy first attemped to invade Greece from Albania, but were driven back by the Greek Army
1941, Apr – Germany and Italy invade Greece including Crete, the Ionian and Aegean Islands.
1943, Sep 14 – Facist Italy fell and Nazi Germans invaded and took control of the Ionian Islands
1944, Oct 14 – The British Marines liberated Corfu and the Ionian Islands from the Germans
Following Regime: Italian Occupation of the Ionian Islands
Scott Catalogue: (Ionian Islands) #N1-N17, NC1-NC11, NRA1-NRA5
Pick Catalogue: (Greece, Italian Occupation of the Ionian Islands) #M11-M18
Currency: 100 centimes = 1 Italian Lira

This Was Brainerd - April 2

Three men are in custody and a fourth is at large following an armed robbery and assault of a man at his residence on Washington Street. They are charged with assaulting the victim with a revolver and a brass lamp, then stealing $920 from him. The victim is at St. Joseph's Medical Center with a gash on his head and a broken arm.

Jane Peterson of Brainerd has been named as Brainerd Community College softball and volleyball coach for the 1991-92 season. She replaces Nancy Smith, who recently stepped down from both positions. Peterson, 27, is a native of La Jolla, CA. She played volleyball at the College of William and Mary in Virginia.

The Heartland Symphony Orchestra and Brainerd Community College will present the annual Easter Season Concert series April 4 in Little Falls and April 5 in Brainerd. The program will include the Russian Easter Overture and the Easter portion of Handel's Messiah. Tickets are $3 for adults and $1.50 for seniors and students.

(Adv.) Notice! Re-opening of the Pillager Cafe (formerly known as Evensta's). Now it's Savard's Cafe. Opens at 6 a.m. Tuesday, April 4 th – serving breakfast, lunch and evening meals. Same good food – Same kitchen staff – New owners.

They now all have names – Joyce Ann, John Henry and Janet Ruth – but the triplets born to Mr. and Mrs. Winfried Clasen of Brainerd still will have triple the needs of the single child the Clasens were expecting. The Dispatch continues to accept donations on their behalf, either by mail or in person at our office.

Brainerd parents note that the PTA associations of Little Falls are trying the standardize the dress of girls in junior high and high school. By a vote of 122 to 22, high-heeled shoes, diaphanous materials, silk stockings, powder and rouge were condemned. And older people must set a good example.

38 thoughts on &ldquoLast ditch stand at Kalamata&rdquo

My grandfather was captured around Kalamata having been sent as part of 292 army field company, royal engineers. Apparently he and two others hid in an old barn but were given away by the locals and arrested by a policeman, taken prisoner and eventually sent to stalag xv111a. He never mentioned much about his exploits, like many and passed away aged 46. My nan told me the only indication he showed of his experience was getting claustrophobic in the cinema when the curtains drew in and lights went out, he had to flee. I’m guessing from being shoved into cattle trucks for the long trek north. Like many others he must have felt guilty for being captured as we don’t think he collected any war medals.

Hello all those who had people in Stalag 18a,
If you have the POW number and are able to identify our person, contact Dr. Margit BERNER at the Natural History Museum in Austria [email protected] Margit has over 4000 POW photo with a number and no name but number. You will receive an immediate response for your request for a copy of the appropriate photograph.
This is free of any costs and all Dr. BERNER she asks is a proving photo (if possible in uniform) and some background on the POW.
Good luck

My Papa(Grandad) George Jamieson. from Selkirk, Scotland, was a Sapper in the RE 7th Army. I knew He had been a POW from a young age but I approached him about what had happened when I was 15 years old as he had taken me on a holiday to Austria. He told me a little but gave me a book to read written by a fellow Welshman, POW, who had the same experience as himself.

They were captured after one of the fiercest battles in history. Marched up through Greece, He gave his glasses to a man for some bread! Then put on trucks through Yugoslavia. Next part they were packed into the trains like cattle and had to stand, with just one bucket between them all for the use of going to the toilet.

Then they were split up and went to various working camps. Papa went to Stalg XV111A. I have quite a lot of photos and a diary of sorts with a few names of pals. And a few poems that he wrote. After reading this book he gave me. Sorry, cannot remember the name now. I tried to read and find out as much as I could about the war in all aspects. I have looked at the amazing site that has been set up about the camp. He remained friends with some of the Anzac mates until he passed away.

My Great Uncle was Claude Millard he was captured at Kalamata on the 29. 4. 1941
He was from Blenheim New Zealand, and was a private no 16168 in the infantry
He was in a prisoner of war camp at Corinthe, then at Stalag 306 (XV111D) from 5.7.1941.
He was transferred to Stalag XV111B on the 31.7.1942
His prisoner of war no was 4579
He was at Stalag XV111A on the 11th March 1943
And at Stalag XV111B on the 9th February 1943

Kim.donaldson can you make contact re Les Feeman and Alf Rye
[email protected]

I had a great uncle in the Reserve Motor Transport Company, Royal Army Corps. We were told he died along Kalamata but the date is given as between 28th of April and 23rd of July 1941 so I have no idea if he was a POW or an casualty on the beach
Does anyone have any relatives in the Motor Transport section fform this area and time. Id love to hear what they were doing.
Its so sad to see that there are so many of us who don’t know exactly what happened to our relatives.
We only have a ‘believed to be” grave as nothing is concrete. I would have loved to know more.
His name was John William Moar and he was from Shetland Islands and he was just a handsome young boy of 23.
Its so sad that he is one of the thousands lost in the sea of casualties of World War 2.

After my Great Uncle was killed in Greece the family were told MIA. The Athens Memorial states his death as being 24th April 1941. I just got the War Diaries for the 127th Electrical and Mechanical Coy Royal Engineers. These detailed that they had been based SW of Athens and were ordered to evacuate on 22nd April, They were sent on 23rd April to Argos. On route near Corinth, Leonard Frederick Moore, was in a lorry machine gunned down and killed. The other part of the Coy were ordered to Kalamata, they got lost and missed the boat. They got a later boat and were captured on the beach in Crete.

If anyone has more info/photos that might fill in the story: [email protected]

Hi all, my late father, Cpl Cecil Douglas (Mike) MAYCOCK (T/44630) was in the RASC and was captured at Kalamata, too. Like many others, he spoke little of his experiences as a POW, but I can remember him saying that, after capture, the whole column was force-marched up through Greece and Yugoslavia to various camps. I know that he was in Stalag 383 in Hohenfels, and also Stalag 111C because I have a “souvenir” of his – a kind of cap badge made from tin, formed to show a loop of rope with, centrally, a chain linking two handcuffs with the legend underneath “Nix Arbeit” (we will NOT work) and 111C. I’ve never seen another one like it anywhere, but my father wore it with great pride – the war medals he belatedly received but never wore, throwing them in a drawer in disgust at the way he and his fellows had been abandoned by the Army. He called the episode “one of Churchill’s big mistakes”.
Dad was also in Stalag X111 and, at the end of the war, was part of a huge number of POW’s who were being force-marched to Berchtesgarten to form a “human shield” for Hitler. Fortunately, they were liberated before that happened.

The books referred to above might be “Barbed Wire Memories”, written by one of dad’s camp-mates. They are out of print now, but might be available through a second-hand bookseller somewhere.

I’ve visited Greece and Crete and whenever I’ve mentioned that Dad was captured at Kalamata, the gratitude of the Greek and Cretan people was palpable.

y father Arthur.( Johny) Gross RASC was captured at Kalamata and interned in Stalag 18a. as the war was coming to an end with the Russians advancing, the prisoners were being forced marched towards Germany. Father with some others including Ossie Phillips and Jack Lapworth commandered a German truck and made towards the advancing Americans and after a few hairy moments made their way to safety. He always spoke highly of the anzacs and thought it a privilage to serve with them.

My father Clarence (Clarry) Fowles, captured also was a kiwi but signed up with the Australian 6th division, onto Stalag 18a, then to a work camp in Marburg. Would love any information on his time there. Envy the relatives who have been there and been on the same land mark as these heroes.

We are getting ready to commemorate the above events, in Australia. Will post info here soon, or find us at fb “Greek Anzacs”, “Battle of Kalamata 41” and “Battle of Crete in Australia”. email [email protected]

Fascinating to read stories of ex POWs. My late father Neville John Cohen (Australian 6 Div Sup Column) was captured in Kalamata and interned in Marburg, then Regensberg, worked on a farm in Austria where he escaped, (unsuccessfully, so taken back to Marburg), 383, XV111A, XV111B, XV111D & Oflag 3.
There was a booklet published by one of his fellow-internees, written about one of the camps & could be entitled “Stalag XV111B”. My father bought two copies & they were passed around & never returned to him, sadly. I tried for many years to trace a copy before he passed (in 1993) to no avail.
I shall contact Elizabeth Shaw yet there is not an email address, can anyone assist please?

Yvonne Knight May 14, 2015 at 2:31 pm
My father was in the RASC (1 field Butchery) during the evacuation from Greece in April 1941. His Casualty card stated that he was lost at sea 25/26th April 1941. For many, many years I have researched for more details of my father’s sad end, but information seems to be scant and hard to find. Sometimes it appears that doors keep closing. It would be nice to hear from someone who had a family member who was involved in the same campaign named “DEMON”. [email protected]

Hi my grandfather was Les Freeman Pte 4080 18th battalion 2nd NZEF he was in stalag 18A and would love to hear from anyone that has any stories/photos of him, I see a post above from “Michelle” 14/05/2013 making comment to my grandfather and yes Alfred Rye was his very good friend as a child I visited him and his wife Hazel all the time. My mother has lots of photos of them. Please contact with any info you have and I would love to get some photos to you Michelle.
email address: [email protected]

I belong to a UK veterans association relating to the Greek Campaign in ww2 and would be happy to hear from anyone interested in this. Can anyone provide contact details for Elizabeth Shaw as I would like to read her fathers story.

My father RR TRUMP was British ( RASC) at Kalamata and Stalag 383 & XVIIIa, and did write an account of his experiences. He emigrated to Oz in 1947 because of Oz/NZ mates he made there. I was fortunate enough to be able to retrace his wartime journey with him in 2009 thanks to Militaryhistorytours (Australian outfit). Also attended the Stalag XVIIIa gathering in Canberra 2015. Alas he has just passed away, but am going to upload his story to the Stalag XVIIIa website. Will send any of you an email copy if you write to me.

I have just started researching my uncle William Baileys death. He was killed at sea when the British were evacuating Greece, I don’t know where he died or from which port they sailed from. He was in the Royal Artillery and his name is on the no 2 tablet at the CWGC in Athens Phaleron cemetry. He was listed as missing in action so no body retrieved. If anyone knows of anything please reply using my e mail address which is [email protected] many thanks to anyone that replies.

My Grandfather, Charles Rickaby Coulson, was a POW and I know he was at Stalag xviiia however beyond that I have found it difficult to find any information. I never met him as he died in 1955, and my Dad never spoke of him. Dad also is now dead. Does anyone have any information or maybe a photo ? Many Thanks.

My Grandad, Sgmn Fred Bundy, was one of the soldiers taken captive at Kalamata – he actually wrote a poem about it (at least, I believe he wrote it…it is in his handwriting and I have not seen it anywhere else).
He also spent most of the rest of the war in Austria at Stalag 18a so I’m guessing many of the people posting here will have parents and grandparents who knew him. I have some photos is anybody wants to contact me.
garyb[email protected]

My father Richard Reginald Trump RASC was captured at Kalamata. In 2009 I was lucky enough to be able to accompany him on a Militaryhistorytours visit to all the places he had known there. The Greeks still remember with gratitude all those who fought on their behalf, even though it was a losing battle, and they made this very obvious to Dad.
He spent most of the next 4 years in Stalag xviii-a Wolfsberg, before escaping just before the end of the war.
We are also fortunate in that he wrote his story down for his grandson, and his mother kept many of his letters and photos home.
The full story is way too long for this submission, but if anyone is interested please let me know.

My father, Martin Goldman, served in the Royal Signals in Egypt and then Greece, where he was captured at Kalamata in 1941. He passed away in 1994 aged 76. Since he never spoke much about his wartime experiences, I have found it difficult to piece together any details of his experiences with any certainty.I understand that he spent the first 2 years after his capture in Greece and the last 2 years in POW camp in Villach, Austria, (Stalag XV111 , I believe ) , involved in building railways (of which I have photos).

I recently visited the Mayor of Villach, and on his recommendation also visited the library at nearby Klagenfurt, without much success.

I do also have various photos of him and army friends at the Villach camp. I believe one of those friends was someone by the name of Bert Winter. But I have no other details of any one else who was with him during those dark days. If anyone can help me by providing me with pieces of missing information, I would be most grateful. My email address contact details are: [email protected]

I have just read Bridget Gosling’s submission on this website with some excitement. It appears that both her father and mine were in the Royal Signals at the same time. Did they know each other? Sadly my father passed away in 1994, and never talked about his experiences- which has made it all the more difficult for me to piece together the elements of what actually happened then and thereafter. I did visit Villach some years ago and met the Mayor of. Villach who was not terribly helpful although he gave me some photos of some of the buildings and railway tracks (which my father was involved in building as a P.O.W in the last 2 years of the war!).
There wan also a name that my father mentioned, Bert Winter, who befriended him and who. I believe helped him through the dark days. Does anyone know of him?

Please do let me know anything that might be helpful to me in my research. Thank you .

My father, Martin. Goldman, was a German refugee whose mother had a British passport which led to him joining the British Army ,(Royal Signals) in 1939, only to be captured by the Germans at Kalamata in April 1941 . He spent 2 years in Greece and the last 2 years of the war in Villach, Austria, Stalag Luft XV111′ , I think.
Is there anyone out there who could give me any further information that might help me wi my research?

I am searching for any photographs/ information regarding my late father, who was captured in Greece in 1941 and transferred to Stalag XVIII A Wolfsberg Austria.
His name was NORMAN PERRY (from York) and he was in the Royal Signals.
Anything anyone can tell me would be appreciated.
Thank you.

I was born in Kalamata, I live here, my grand parents and my parents have told me a lot about the battle. It took place near my home at the port and the suroundings.

It will be helpfull if you can mail me pictures taken at the site those days.

Ioannis E Mavreas
B.A. Economics Bishop Univercity, Canada

I see it is ok to include e mail addresses too. I can be contacted at [email protected] Love to hear from any of the people who have contributed to this site.I did not know about the reunion in Wolfsburg or I would have gone. I am keen to research Stalag XVII. Thank you Lisl Prendergast

Dear Mr Hutchings I would love to see your photos of Stalag xviii as my father was in that camp. He was captured in Kalamata.He died in 1988.if you see this please contact me.I live in New Zealand. I know your forbear was RASC.

My Father John Dicks Royal Engineer Driver captured at Kalama and into Stalag 18 A

My father, Arthur Copp, was in Australian Sigs. and was also captured at Kalamata. He spent 4 years as POW in Moosburg Stalag V11A and Lamsdorf Stalag V111B (344). I am currently researching and writing about his experiences. Have visited both these places as well as Greece in 2011. A real pilgrimage.

My father L/Cpl Alfred Harvey a driver with RASC Army Nr. T143841 was captured in Kalamata April 1941 POW 1711 and transported to Stalag 18A and then on to Work Camp 10134GW Arnoldstein.
We are just back from Stalag 18A reunion in Wolfsberg, Austria a great experience well worth the trip, lots of information and POW photos including the originals taken as they arrived at the camp.
If anyone has a relative who was at the Arnoldstein work camp I would be pleased to hear from them and share information email: [email protected]

My great uncle Alfred Rye was with the 18th battalion 2nd NZEF. He was wounded in Crete and transferred to a hospital run by nuns in Kalamata. When Greece was invaded by the German troops, he was taken to Stalag 18A in Austria. He apparently was sent out to do farm work during the day, for an elderly German couple, whose sons were away at war. The thought was that without the farm couples support, he wouldn’t have been as good as he was, during his captivity. He was apparently at the camp with his mate Les Freeman. These details come via his wife who he married after the war. If anyone has more information about Alf, I would love to know.

My father was Albert Michael Prendergast and he was in the Royal Engineers with the 19th Battalion. He was captured in Kalamata on 30 April 1941. He was in a POW camp near Graz and worked for a family called Haar on a farm.I have visited this family twice. I was named after the two youngest girls who are alive. There are 4 sisters Maria, Marta, Lisl and Anna. There brother Ferdl has passed away. My Fathers military number was 33888. He was also in North Africa and left NZ on the Empress of Japan 5 January 1940

My father, Paul Churton, 18 Bn 2NZEF, was one of the many captured at Kalamata and likewise ended up at Stalag XVIIIA. What he what doing on that side of the Corinth Canal is a mystery as most of his battalion left for Crete via Porto Rafia. The fact he was a driver may be a clue.Unfortunately he died in 1964 and I never heard the full story.

I now know he was in the town close to his Lavamund work camp at the end of the war when the Yankee tanks came through and he took off with them.
My brother told me that Dad said if he had known the camp was going to be liberated in the next couple of days, he would have gone back there and got his gear. I hope to be at the Stalag XVIIIA reunion in Wolfsberg at the end of 24-26 July 2013, and find out more. We will go via Greece to trace the Battalion’s footsteps, but we will leave Kalamata our way.

My father, Bernard ( Yorkie ), was in the RASC at Kalamata, he always said that he had slipped up in Greece,as he was captured there and was a POW, with a lot of Kiwis, in Stalag XV111 in Austria until the end of the war. They were used as labour to build roads and railways, I believe that they also ran a quarry for the stone needed. They put in the bases for electricity pylons from Salzberg towards Munich that are there to this day. Unfortunately he died in 1997.I inherited his Dorothy bag which contains loads of photographs of the other prisoners,but I have no idea who any of them are.

Thank you for publishing the fighting and capitulation at Kalamata. My late father was captured there. He was in the Army Service Corps so you never know he could have been the soldier with the bayonet.

Thank you for the above.
My Uncle Frederic Hue Thomson who was a corporal, was taken prisoner at this time and was then on board a POW ship that was torpedo, and he lost his life. I would really like to find out where he was actually buried.
Many thanks
John Thomson

My dad was in the british army and was caught at the evacuation at kalamata.
Unfortunetly dad passed away back in 1997. he rearly spoke of of what happened. We didn’t get time to get him to document what he went through but one thing I do remember was he said that he was on sort of guard duty one night, next morning there was a german tank at the other end of the road so he was glad they didn’t open fire otherwise they miht have been blasted by this tank. i know they marched back up throught he Braylos pass and at one stage mum said he told her the germans shot a young boy who I think offered them some water. he finished up working on a farm in Furstenfeld in Austria. He actually enjoyed the lifestyle and he and mum went back there in 1978. He was the only one that ever went back to the village. I was lucky to also meet up with mum & dad in 1994 in Austria in Graz and went with them to Furstenfeld and meet the people, who back in the 1940’s were young children. they remembered dad and as per their original first visit in 1978, we were greatly received and a lot of peole that had moved away came back with their own children to see dad again. Mun says that because dad was only 20 and the youngest POW, he was well looked after and highly liked. I know on his first visit, he actually first went to Kalamata. He had a Greek friend of his write a letter for him explaining who he was. He finally found the old army base and a Greek officer got 2 soldiers to take him were ever he wanted to go. He said when he got to the beach, they realised what it meant to him and they left him alone for a while. My wife & I went to Europe in 2007, we were in Greece but I wish I hd gone to Kalamata, maybe next visit.

Three angels

As bombs rained down from the sky, they clawed at the rubble with their bare hands to reach the injured and dying.

For those entombed in the blackened remains of Coventry and Warwickshire Hospital, three angels had come to save them.

Fighting through the smoke, sparks and shattered glass to reach those who needed them most, these unlikely heroines brought hope when all hope seemed lost.

Mary Beardshall, Emma Horne and Joyce Burton were ordinary women whose extraordinary bravery 80 years ago would earn them a George Medal from the King.

On the night of April 8, 1941, the three were on duty at the busy hospital when the dreaded air raid sirens sounded once more.

It was one of the few places in the city which should have been safe, but the symbolic red cross on the roof instead became a marker for death.

The building took ten direct hits and 25 bombs landed nearby, killing several doctors and nurses and more than 30 patients.

Operating the switchboard that night was porter Mary Beardshall, of Avon Street, Stoke, who suffered a fractured skull as the walls blew in.

Ignoring her injuries the 28-year-old mum-of-four put out incendiaries with her hands before holding up a collapsing beam to allow several people to escape.

Later that night she inched along a ledge to Alexandra Ward where she helped patients trapped under blocks of concrete.

Emma Horne, 40, of Bath Street, Hillfields, was known as Sister Pat.

View gallery

She calmly evacuated patients after her ward on the second floor took a direct hit, and later helped a fellow nurse trapped by debris from a delayed-action bomb.

Two surgical wards were also hit, trapping patients beneath falling brickwork as more bombs exploded.

Matron Joyce Burton, 44, was a model of calm as she worked to free them and give them first aid.

Two days later another woman’s remarkable bravery would also earn her a George Medal.

Margaret Brown, 22, of Longford, was a works nurse at Alfred Herbert and at night was attached to the Holbrooks division of the St John Ambulance Brigade.

When a house in Hen Lane, Holbrooks, was bombed she tunnelled through the rubble and rescued a fatally injured 19-year-old youth. She stayed with him for more than an hour before going on to save lives and deal with more casualties at Brigade HQ, in Wheelwright Lane, Holbrooks, which took a direct hit.

*Mary is thought to have moved to Poland after the war, and Joyce and Emma both died in the 1960s.

2. and 5. Panzer-Division in 1941

Post by oquaig » 06 Jul 2012, 21:25

Re: 2. and 5. Panzer-Division in 1941

Post by Alanmccoubrey » 06 Jul 2012, 22:22

Re: 2. and 5. Panzer-Division in 1941

Post by Christoph Awender » 06 Jul 2012, 23:35

As Alan already mentioned. the tank composition changed every day. Maybe you give us a date so that we can help you.

Re: 2. and 5. Panzer-Division in 1941

Post by oquaig » 02 Sep 2012, 22:33

I thought I had subscribed to this topic, hence the slow response. I would like to know the TO&E of 2. and 5. Panzer divisions for both the beginning of the Balkan Campaign (April 1941) and when they were sent to the Eastern front in September 1941.

Thanks for your replies so far.

Re: 2. and 5. Panzer-Division in 1941

Post by William Russ » 03 Sep 2012, 01:11

Hello Oquaig,
Below are copies of the 2nd and 5th Panzer Divisions OBs for the start of the Balkans Campaign (the OB was dated April 2, 1941). Don't have anything for September 1941. Source - Microfilms from the National Archives, Series T312, Roll # 427, Frames 8005317 and 8005332. Records of the German 12th Army.
Hope this helps, Bill

PS: If the images are not detailed enough, just send me a PM with your e-mail address and I can send you a better copy of both .

Re: 2. and 5. Panzer-Division in 1941

Post by oquaig » 03 Sep 2012, 02:02

It does, thank you very much. But if it simplifies things, what I need for the September 1941 is the number and types of tanks the two divisions fielded when they arrived at the front.

Re: 2. and 5. Panzer-Division in 1941

Post by xristar » 03 Sep 2012, 10:20

2nd Panzer Division 6 April 1941

Panzer Regiment 3
PzKw II - 45
PzKw III (37mm) - 27
PzKw III (50mm Short) - 44 EDIT:<--probably 24
PzKw IV (75mm Short) - 20
PzBef - 6

2nd Panzer Division September 1941

Panzer Regiment 3
PzKw II - 63
PzKw III (50mm Short) - 105
PzKw IV (75mm Short) - 20
PzBef - 6

5th Panzer Division 6 April 1941
Panzer Regiment 31
PzKw I - 9
PzKw II - 40
PzKw III (37mm) - 19
PzKw III (50mm Short) - 32
PzKw IV (75mm Short) - 16
PzBef - 5

5th Panzer Division September 1941
Panzer Regiment 31
PzKw II - 55
PzKw III (50mm Short) - 105
PzKw IV (75mm Short) - 20
PzBef - 6

If you compare these tables to that provided by William Russ you'll notice some differences.

EDIT: I suspect that in April 1941 2nd Panzer division had 24 and not 44 Pzkw III 50mm as suggested by my link. Then it agrees well with William Russ' table. It may have been a typo, either by Jentz or the guy who transcribed the data to electronic format on the link.

Re: 2. and 5. Panzer-Division in 1941

Post by oquaig » 03 Sep 2012, 20:26

This is excellent. Thank you. One last question: the increase in strength between April and September was done how ? Increasing the number of tanks in the company, increasing the number of companies in the battalions, or by adding a battalion to the Regiment ?

Re: 2. and 5. Panzer-Division in 1941

Post by xristar » 03 Sep 2012, 22:23

This is excellent. Thank you. One last question: the increase in strength between April and September was done how ? Increasing the number of tanks in the company, increasing the number of companies in the battalions, or by adding a battalion to the Regiment ?

I don't have an authoritative answer precicely for those two divisions except that they both retained the typical two-battalion regiment however:
-it is shown in the table of organization provided above that the divisions went to the Balkans campaign with 3 companies per Abteilung (the basic structure), but apparently quite understrength in Pzkw III and Pzkw IV.
-in Septemeber they clearly went to action with 4 companies per Abteilung (which was also a common regiment structure), and pretty close to establishment.

The establishment for a regiment of two 3-coy btns was: 6 Befehl / 45 Pz II / 71 Pz III / 28 Pz IV
The establishment for a regiment of two 4-coy btns was: 6 Befehl / 55 Pz II / 105 Pz III / 28 Pz IV

As you notice they never match the exact establishment, while the 5. PD also had obsolete Pz I still in service during the Balkan camapign.

Gaining ground

During 1943, the Partisans gained significant ground by spearheading the fight against Axis occupation, while simultaneously paving the way for Socialist Revolution by crushing the Chetniks. In May, the Partisans evaded a large-scale Axis offensive against them.

. led the British in December to switch their support to the Partisans.

Next, in September, Italy surrendered to the western Allies, and while Axis forces immediately occupied the Italian-controlled areas of Yugoslavia, the Partisans captured large amounts of Italian equipment. Even more importantly for Tito, increasing Chetnik collaboration with the Axis powers finally led the British in December to switch their support to the Partisans.

Then, in May 1944, German airborne forces mounted a daring raid that came close to capturing Tito. The leader, however, escaped and subsequently established his headquarters on the Adriatic island of Vis. While he was there the Allies continued to support him militarily, and also worked to reconcile the Communists with the exiled Yugoslav King.

On This Day: WWII's Belfast Blitz begins, bringing horrendous losses

On the night of April 7 – 8, 1941 Belfast suffered the first of four air attacks by the Germans Air Force, the Luftwaffe. At least 1,000 people were killed in the attacks as the city lay unprepared and undefended. It was believed that the Luftwaffe could not travel that far.

Nazi Germany (Library of Congress)

Belfast Blitz: Facts

In total there were four attacks on the County Antrim city. The first (April 7 -8), a small attack, was most likely carried out to test the city’s defenses.

The next took place on Easter Tuesday, April 15, 1941. In this attack, 200 German bombers targeted military and manufacturing sites across the city. Some 900 people were killed and 1,500 were injured as a result of this air raid. Apart from London, this was the greatest loss of life in any night raid during the Blitz.

The third was over the evening and morning of May 4 and 5. The death toll was 150. The final attack took place on May 5 – 6.

Read more

Why did the Belfast Blitz happen?

Belfast city was a target during the Second World War due to its large shipyard and aircraft manufacturing base.

On the night of the most fatal of the attacks, Easter Tuesday 1941, an air warden said, "The sirens started at quarter to eleven, and by eleven o'clock my team was on the street – that started six hours of horror, death, and destruction."

For several hours, hundreds of tons of high explosive bombs and incendiaries were dropped on the city.

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Belfast Blitz: Names of victims

Crowded terraced houses were near the targeted docks area. The dead were stacked in the Falls Road public baths and in a market close to the city center.

Many of the victims could not be identified. If Rosary beads were found in a pocket then it was assumed they were Catholic.

As well as the huge loss of life, there was also extensive damage across the city, as half of the houses in Belfast city were hit by bombs which in turn left 100,000 people homeless.

One Belfast survivor remembered putting out fires across the city.

"Two of our comrades from the Sans Souci station were killed. They were coming along Royal Avenue when a bomb dropped and it left a crater. They drove into the crater," he told BBC News Northern Ireland.

"I saw an Alsatian dog with a dead baby in its mouth. It was running away. I took off my metal helmet and threw it on the ground. The rattle scared the dog and he dropped the baby.

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"I remember wrapping the baby's body in some old net curtain from one of the bombed houses.

"I left the baby with some soldiers, having attached a note to say that the body was found on York Street. Things like that, you never forget."

He also recalled a friend who was unable to find his mother and father’s bodies after their house was bombed.

"We went down to the stalls in the market. The dead were laid out on them. And I remember going along and lifting the sheeting to look at the bodies. But we never found his parents."

Belfast Blitz memorial

There are two monuments in Belfast city where the unidentified were buried in mass graves. Both are on the Falls Road. One is located at the Catholic Milltown Cemetery, the other in the non-denominational City Cemetery.

* Originally published in April 2016.

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April 13th, 1941 is a Sunday. It is the 103rd day of the year, and in the 15th week of the year (assuming each week starts on a Monday), or the 2nd quarter of the year. There are 30 days in this month. 1941 is not a leap year, so there are 365 days in this year. The short form for this date used in the United States is 4/13/1941, and almost everywhere else in the world it's 13/4/1941.

This site provides an online date calculator to help you find the difference in the number of days between any two calendar dates. Simply enter the start and end date to calculate the duration of any event. You can also use this tool to determine how many days have passed since your birthday, or measure the amount of time until your baby's due date. The calculations use the Gregorian calendar, which was created in 1582 and later adopted in 1752 by Britain and the eastern part of what is now the United States. For best results, use dates after 1752 or verify any data if you are doing genealogy research. Historical calendars have many variations, including the ancient Roman calendar and the Julian calendar. Leap years are used to match the calendar year with the astronomical year. If you're trying to figure out the date that occurs in X days from today, switch to the Days From Now calculator instead.

Continued action from 14 April 1941 in Greece

During 14 April 1941, you had the 5th New Zealand Brigade sitting in the Olympus Pass. The Katerini-Elasson road ran through the Olympus Pass. The brigade was deployed with the 23rd Battalion to the right of the brigade. The 22nd Brigade was sitting in the center of the front. The Maori's of the 28th Battalion were on the left. The 28th Battalion was located at Skoteina. The brigade had some artillery in support. They had the 5th Field Regiment and an anti-tank battery.

There was a plan to move the 6th Brigade into a spot on the left of where the 5th Brigade was located. They saw some German vehicles "at 5pm on 14 April. By the time the artillery was given permission to fire on the vehicles, they had moved out of sight."

During the night ofo 14 to 15 April, the New Zealand troops could see German vehicles bringing troops forward. Sometime around 11pm, German motorcycles drove up the pass. They drew machine gun fire, and the next morning they found five motorcycles lying next to the road.

During 15 April, there was more German vehicle traffic. They drew artillery fire, but were not fired upon by British artillery. It was only by 4:30pm that the Germans started to return artillery fire. The Germans did not make any attempt to attack on 1`5 April. This is based on the account in "Greece, Crete, and Syria" by Gavin Long.

Watch the video: Сериал про войну 1941. Все серии 2009 Русские сериалы (January 2023).

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