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Frank Billings Kellogg was born in Potsdam, New York on December 22, 1856. Paul, where as a member of the law firm of Davis, Kellogg and Severance he represented mining and railroad concerns.Later he was a special counsel for the United States government in its cases against the Standard Oil Company, the paper trust, and several railroads. His stature was such that in 1912 he was elected president of the American Bar Association.Kellogg entered public service in 1916 when he was elected to the United States Senate, where he served one full term. He was one of the few Republicans who supported ratification of the Treaty of Versailles. In 1924, President Coolidge appointed him ambassador to Great Britain, and then to the cabinet in 1925 as secretary of state.Kellogg achieved some success in Latin American relations, improving relations with Mexico and helping settle the long-running Tacna-Arica dispute between Peru and Chile. However, he is best remembered for the part he played in the Kellogg-Briand Pact, which outlawed war as an instrument of national policy by its signatories. For this achievement, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1929.Between 1930 and 1935, he served on the Permanent Court of International Justice at the Hague. Paul, Minnesota, on December 21, 1937.