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Consolidated PBY-6A Catalina Amphibian

Consolidated PBY-6A Catalina Amphibian


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Consolidated PBY-6A Catalina Amphibian

The Consolidated PBY-6A was the last production version of the Catalina amphibian, and combined the features introduced during the production run of the PBY-5A with the new tail designed for the PBN-1 Nomad.

This gave the PBY-6A the eyeball gun turret, with two .30in calibre machine guns, was powered by the same R-1830-92 engines as the PBY-5A and the radome above the cockpit al introduced on the PBY-5A, along with the two side-blister mounts for the rear tunnel gun.

The PBY-6A also used the tall tail and modified horizontal and vertical control surfaces adopted for the PBN-1, but did not have the modified rear hull or nose of the Nomad.

The first PBY-6A made its maiden flight in January 1945, and production continued until September 1945. Only 175 of the 900 originally ordered were completed before production was cancelled at the end of the war.

Engine: Two Pratt & Whitney R-1830-92 Twin Wasp radial engines
Horsepower: 1,200hp at take-off
Span: 104ft 0in/ 31.70m
Length: 63ft 6in
Height: 22ft 4in
Gross weight: 34,550lbs
Max Speed: 178mph at 7000ft or 185mph
Ceiling: 16,200ft or 19,000ft
Range: 2,535 miles
Armament: two 0.30in machine guns in bow, one rear firing 0.30in machine gun in tunnel under hull, two 0.50in machine guns, one in each blister


Consolidated PBY Catalina (Shana Carpool)

The real-life Catalina was one of the most widely used seaplanes of World War II, serving with every branch of the United States Armed Forces and in the air forces and navies of many other nations. PBYs were used in anti-submarine warfare, patrol bombing, convoy escorts, search and rescue missions, and cargo transport. Introduced in October 1941, the PBY-5A variant was equipped with hydraulically actuated, retractable tricycle landing gear for amphibious operation. It also introduced a tail gun position, replaced bow single gun position with bow "eyeball" turret equipped with twin .30 machine guns (some later units), improved armor, and self-sealing fuel tanks. Ώ]

The PBY was the most numerous aircraft of its kind and the last active military PBYs were not retired from service until the 1980s. In 2015, nearly 80 years after its first flight, the aircraft continues to fly as a water-bomber in aerial fire-fighting operations all over the world.


Consolidated PBY-6A Catalina Amphibian - History

Consolidated PBY "Catalina"

The PBY(The designation "PBY" was determined in accordance with the U.S. Navy aircraft designation system of 1922 PB representing "Patrol Bomber" and Y being the code assigned to Consolidated Aircraft as its manufacturer.) 'Catalina' (a name derived from the island near the consolidated factory at San Diego), is a twin-engine high winged amphibious monoplane with retractable wing tip floats. It features an almost cantilevered wing mounted above a shallow but broad hull on a central pylon housing the flight engineer. The wing has a rectangular centre section and tapered outer panels, all of stressed-skin all-metal construction, though the ailerons and trailing edges are fabric-skinned. A unique feature is the wing-tip floats, which are mounted on pivoted frames, which can be retracted electrically so that in flight the floats form the wingtips. The hull is also all-metal, with a broad semicircular upper surface. Produced by Consolidated Aircraft, it was one of the most widely used seaplanes of World War II. Catalinas served with every branch of the United States Armed Forces and in the air forces and navies of many other nations. During World War II, PBYs were used in anti-submarine warfare, patrol bombing, convoy escorts, search and rescue missions (especially air-sea rescue), and cargo transport.

The U.S. Navy contracted Consolidated, Martin and Douglas in October 1933 to build competing prototypes for a patrol flying boat. Naval doctrine of the 1930s and 1940s used flying boats in a wide variety of roles that today are handled by multiple special-purpose aircraft. The U.S. Navy had adopted the Consolidated P2Y and Martin P3M models for this role in 1931, but both aircraft were underpowered and hampered by inadequate range and limited payloads. Consolidated and Douglas both delivered single prototypes of their new designs, the XP3Y-1 and XP3D-1, respectively. Although the Douglas aircraft was a good design, the Navy opted for Consolidated's because the projected cost was only $90,000 per aircraft. The XP3Y-1 had its maiden flight on 28 March 1935, after which it was transferred to the U.S. Navy for service trials. The XP3Y-1 was a significant performance improvement over previous patrol flying boats. The Navy requested further development in order to bring the aircraft into the category of patrol bomber, and in October 1935, the prototype was returned to Consolidated for further work, including installation of 900 hp (670 kW) R-1830-64 engines. For the redesignated XPBY-1, Consolidated introduced redesigned vertical tail surfaces which resolved a problem with the tail becoming submerged on takeoff, which had made takeoff impossible under some conditions. The XPBY-1 had its maiden flight on 19 May 1936, during which a record non-stop distance flight of 3,443 mi (2,992 nmi 5,541 km) was achieved.

Most PBY-5s had been retrofitted with self-sealing fuel tanks and some armor protection for pilots and gunners by mid-1942. Nevertheless, the flying boats proved highly vulnerable to enemy fighters, and by early 1945 they were being superseded as daylight reconnaissance aircraft by land-based PV-1 Venturas and PB4Y Liberators and in the antisubmarine role by the PBM Mariner flying boat. A handful of PBY-5A Catalinas equipped with early ASV radar had reached the Pacific by August 1942 and participated in the Battle of the Eastern Solomons. In December 1942, the Americans deployed a full squadron of PBY-5As to operate at night in the Solomon Islands. This "Black Cat" squadron (VP-11) painted its aircraft black, except for a squadron insignia that started out as a basic cat outline. Eyes were added after the second mission, teeth and whiskers after the third, and, allegedly, "anatomical insignia of a more personal nature" after the fourth mission. The Black Cats participated in search, strike, and gunfire spotting missions, taking off at about 2230 each night and returning after daybreak. Over time, other squadrons began flying Black Cat missions, and most of the squadrons in the South and Southwest Pacific had rotated through Black Cat tours by the end of the war. Other Catalinas were equipped for air-sea rescue and were known as "Dumbos," after the Disney cartoon character. Each "Dumbo" carried a doctor and pharmacist's mate. Formal operations began in January 1943 and by 15 August 1943 at least 161 aircrew had been rescued by these aircraft. By the end of the year, three or four "Dumbos" took off with each large air strike to follow the aircraft to their targets and orbit some distance away to rescue any downed airmen. "Dumbo" missions were often very hazardous, taking place close to enemy airspace, but did much to improve aircrew morale. The "Dumbos" came to be heavily escorted and fiercely defended by grateful fighter pilots.
Most countries either purchased or manufactured their own under lisence prior to the outbreak of the war. Nearly all of them were pressed into service upon the outbreak and were used in a variety of roles from anti-submarine warfare to reconnisance to search and rescue, rescuing thousands of downed pilots from all nationalities during the war.

The British Air Ministry purchased a single aircraft for evaluation purposes, but with the outbreak of war anticipated, the trials were terminated prematurely, and an initial 50 aircraft were ordered under as "Catalina I"s. These aircraft were similar to the PBY-5, except for installation of British armament. Initial deliveries of the Royal Air Force's Catalinas began in early 1941 and these entered service with No. 209 and No. 240 squadrons of Coastal Command. In all, nine squadrons of Coastal Command were equipped with the Catalina, as were an additional 12 squadrons overseas. The total acquisition was approximately 700 Catalinas. Catalinas were built in Canada by Boeing and Canadian Vickers as the Canso (PBY-5A) Amphibian and PB2B Flying boat, while Russia built 150 GST Flying Boats, and a further 175 PBY-6A Amphibians were built by Consolidated. Australia(RAAF) had two squadrons of Catalinas when war broke out in the Pacific. These engaged in the same kinds of missions as their allied counterparts, but in addition the Australians began minelaying operations on 23 April 1943, starting in the Bismarck Seas but later expanding throughout southeast Asia. Each Catalina coiuld carry two magnetic mines. RAAF Catalinas were ferried across the Pacific by a combination of Qantas and RAAF crews and the first aircraft, A24-1, was accepted on 5 February 1941, and the last, A24-386, on 3 September 1945. In all, 168 Catalinas operational at some time in the war. These aircraft include Mks I and II (PBY-5 flying boats), Mk III (PBY-5A amphibians) and the high-tail, radome-fitted Mk IV and Mk VI (Boeing-built PB2B-1, -2). One exception was a Dutch East Indies PBY-3 with sliding gun-panels in June 1942, and was modified to PBY-5 standard with blister-turrets in 1944.


Consolidated PBY-6A Catalina Amphibian - History

The original Catalina featured two 825 hp Twin Wasps mounted close together on a wide clean wing, on the tips of which were retractable stabilizing floats. The prototype XP3Y-1 achieved a speed of 184 mph - high for a flying boat in 1935. Production began at San Diego, California. The initial order - for 60 - was exceptionally large for the time, but within a decade more than 4,000 had been ordered.

In 1938 three were purchased by the Soviet Union, which urgently tooled up to build its own version, the GST. In 1939 the British RAF bought one PBY and soon placed large orders - it was the RAF which gave the aircraft its name 'Catalina'. This name was adopted in the United States in 1942.

In December 1939 came the PBY-5A (OA-10) with retractable landing gear, which was named the 'Canso' by the Canadian air force. Many hundreds of both the boat and the amphibian version were built by Canadian Vickers (as the PBV-1) and Boeing Canada (as the PB2B-1). Revised versions with heightened tail-fins were manufactured at New Orleans (PBY-6A) and by the Naval Aircraft Factory at Philadelphia (PBN-10).

The Catalina established a remarkable combat record during World War Two. In the Atlantic it performed vital service in the war against the U-boats, and an RAF Catalina famously located the Bismarck after the formidable German battleship had temporarily succeeded in escaping from British forces.

In the Pacific the Catalina gave outstanding service in the search and rescue role. It was a Catalina which first located the advancing Japanese forces during the decisive Battle of Midway. 'Black Cat' night-flying Catalinas made a valuable and prolonged contribution to the Allied effort in the Solomons campaigns during 1942-43, frequently making torpedo attacks on Japanese shipping. For many years after World War Two hundreds of Catalinas served with various nations, in civilian as well as in military roles.

  • Origin Consolidated Vultee Aircraft Corporation
  • Type Flying boat
    • Function Maritime Patrol / Anti-submarine/ Torpedo Attack / Rescue
      Crew Usually seven
      Dimensions Span 104' - Length 63' 11"
      Weight Loaded - 34,000 lb (15,436 kg)
      Engines Two 1,200 hp Pratt & Whitney R-1830-92 Twin Wasp 14-cylinder two-row radials
    • Maximum speed - 196 mph (314 km/h)
      Climb to 5,000 feet - 4 mins 30 secs
      Service ceiling - 18,200 feet (6160 meters)
      Range (at cruising speed of 100mph) - 3,100 miles
    • Offensive Weapons
      Up to 2,000 lbs of bombs, torpedoes, or depth charges - in wing racks
      Typical Defensive armament (United States)
      One .50 or .30 Browning machine-gun in nose, one .50 in each waist blister, one in ventral 'tunnel'
      Typical Defensive armament (British)
      Six .303 Browning machine-guns - one in nose, twins in each waist blister, one in ventral 'tunnel'

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    Consolidated PBY-6A Catalina Amphibian - History

    Taken on Strength/Charge with the United States Navy with BuNo 64064.
    Built at Consolidated Factory at Lake Ponchartrain, New Orleans.

    Certificate of airworthiness for N10011 (PBY-6A, 64064) issued.

    To Trade-Ayer Inc, Linden, NJ with new c/r N10011.

    Civil registration, N10011, cancelled.
    Exported to Canada.

    To World Wide Airways, Montreal QC with new c/r CF-IZZ.

    Upper tail fin and rudder mod. to PBY-5A design.

    To Montreal Air Services, Montreal, QC keeping c/r CF-IZZ.

    To World Wide Airways keeping c/r CF-IZZ.

    To Field Aviation Co Ltd, Toronto, ON keeping c/r CF-IZZ.

    Converted to a water tanker.

    To Servicios Aerotaxi Abast do Vale with new c/r PT-BBP (Consolidated PBY-6A Catalina, 2134).

    Crashed.
    Summary: The airframe was written off. Narrative: Crashed.
    For a complete description of the event read the Aviation Safety Network Report.

    To Montreal Air Service, Montreal, QC with new c/r CF-IZZ.

    To Kenting Air Ltd, Toronto, ON keeping c/r CF-IZZ.

    Leased to Protection Civile, Marseille, France.
    Markings changed to: Black Pelican
    The first Waterbomber in France.

    Assigned civil registration: F-ZBAZ

    Ferry flight.
    Delivered to Marseille via Dublin.

    To Field Aviation Co Ltd, Toronto, ON.

    To Field Aviation Co Ltd, Toronto, ON with new c/r CF-IZZ.

    Ferry flight.
    Delivered from France to Canada via Reykjavik.

    Leased to Protection Civile, Marseille.

    Assigned civil registration: F-ZBAZ


    Photographer: Tim Martin
    Notes: CF-IZZ at Winnipeg on 4Sep73 - Still carrying Protection Civile titles (where it was F-ZBAZ) is this PBY-6 water bomber. The tricky thing is it has been built (or re-built) with the smaller PBY-5 tail. In 1992 it was exported to Spain where it became EC-FMC with SAESA. No longer in service and apparently under restoration.

    To Avalon Aviation Ltd, Montreal, QC with new c/r C-FIZZ.

    To Avalon Aviation Ltd, Red Deer, AB keeping c/r C-FIZZ.

    To Avalon Aviation Ltd, Parry Sound, ON keeping c/r C-FIZZ.

    Operated as fire service #5.


    Photographer: Eric Bannwarth
    Notes: CF-IZZ - PBY-5A Canso - Avalon Aviation at Red Deer

    Operated as fire service #795.

    Withdrawn from use.
    Retired at Parry Sound, ON.

    To Servicios Aereos Espanoles SA-SAESA, Cuatro Vientos, Spain.
    The delivery date is provided.

    To Servicios Aereos Espanoles SA/SAESA, Cuatro Vientos, Spain, with new c/r EC-940.

    From 26 June 1992 to 2009

    To SAESA, Cuatro Vientos with new c/r EC-FMC.

    Operated as fire service #795.

    Operated as fire service #72.


    Photographer: Eric Bannwarth


    Photographer: Unknown


    Photographer: Eric Bannwarth
    Notes: EC-FMC - PBY-5A Canso ex CF-IZZ

    Permanently withdrawn from use.

    Based at Ocana Airport, Ocana, Castilla-La Mancha.
    Placed in open storage at Ocana, Spain.
    View the Location Dossier

    There was a planned delivery flight to Sweden, to be maintained in fire tanker configuration. It was delayed due legal action against SAESA over engine certification.


    Photographer: Rich Tregear
    Notes: 2014 photo at Ocana, south of Madrid in Spain

    Exported to Sweden: struck-off Spanish Register.

    To unknown owner with c/r N24VP (PBY-5A, 64064).

    From 10 February 2016 to 2017

    To John T. Sterling, Bandon, OR keeping c/r N24VP.
    Was to be operated by Pacific Rim Catalinas of Pearl Harbor, HI.


    Photographer: John Bennett
    Notes: Taken at Ocana, Spain


    𧨤-362' (N9562C, CC-CCS, VH-PBZ) 1945 Consolidated PBY-6A Catalina RAAF HARS Illawarra 06.05.15

    The aircraft is a PBY-6A model, built in 1945 by Consolidated in New Orleans. Delivered to the US Navy it was later sold as surplus and placed on the US Civil Register as N9562C. It was later transferred to Chile and flew with several companies until placed in storage in 1960 for twenty years. It was retrieved from storage and began operations as a water bomber with registration CC-CCS. Whilst in fire fighting service on 27.01.86 the aircraft sank in Lago Guitierrez, Argentina. It was salvaged, rebuilt and back in service in 1988. In 1991 it was ferried across the Atlantic for operation by the Spanish Land Management Department ICONA. Subsequently it went on charter to Aerocondor in Portugal. The HARS Catalina was bought in 2002 and ferried to Australia in 2003. She has been restored to conform as closely as possible to the configuration of the famous RAAF ‘Black Cats’ of WWII. The RAAF ‘Black Cats’ were pure flying boats, enabling long range and maximum possible loads with extended water take offs. The HARS PBY-6A is an amphibian (with retractable wheels), but once in flight with wheels retracted, it resembles the original ‘Black Cats’ very closely. The aircraft markings selected are those of A24-362 which served with 43 Squadron RAAF.


    Consolidated PBY Catalina

    the PBY Catalina resulted from an October 1933 Navy contract for a new water-based patrol plane. This aircraft was originally designated XP3Y-1, the prototype and its Douglas-built rival, the XP3D-1, were the first Navy flying boats with cantilever wings. The all-metal XP3Y-1 mounted its huge parasol wing, with retractable wingtip floats, on a pylon above the fuselage. To better reflect its combat role, the P3Y was redesignated as PBY in 1936. Russia obtained three PBYs in 1938 and began building their version soon after, designated GST. An amphibious variant, the PBY-5A, appeared in November 1939 and incorporated retractable landing gear for both water and land-based operations. Together with the non-amphibious PBY-5, this version became the most-produced design with over 1,500 built. The urgent need for patrol planes in World War II led to orders from Britain, which gave the PBY its "Catalina" nickname. U.S. and Canadian plants built the PBY, including the Naval Aircraft Factory, which produced the PBN Nomad with a redesigned tail. This was incorporated on the last U.S. variant, the PBY-6A. Catalinas were exported to France, Russia and the Netherlands East Indies, and also transferred to the U.S. Army Air Forces as the OA-10. They filled many roles, including coastal, long-range and anti-submarine patrol, bombing and air-sea rescue. In the Pacific, their vulnerability to enemy fire led to a change to more successful nighttime operations, in which "Black Cats" attacked Japanese shipping. Catalinas flying "Dumbo" missions rescued thousands of downed airmen in the role for which they are perhaps best remembered.


    Consolidated PBY-6A Catalina Amphibian - History

    Aircraft History
    Built by Consolidated. Constructors Number 2042. Delivered to US Navy during April 1945.

    Wartime History
    This aircraft did not have any combat or overseas service during the war.

    Postwar
    Sold to Aircraft Instrument Corporation, Miami Florida. Registered as N956C. Later, sold to Chilean Airline TRANSA registered as CC-CNF. During August 1979, serviced at Santiago - Los Cerrillos. During 1980, converted to a water tanker and registered CC-CCS with nose number 34 and later A1 on the nose.

    Later, flown across the Atlantic, this aircraft served in Spain to serve with the Spanish Ministry of Land & Forest Management, operating from Spain and Portugal. Afterwards operated as a charter aircraft by Aerocondor Transportes Aereos (ATA) until early 2002.

    Today
    During early 2002, acquired by Historic Aircraft Restoration Society (HARS) and transported to Sydney during September 2003. This aircraft was painted in the markings of PB2B-2 Catalina VI A24-362 / OX-V / "Felix". Registered as VH-PBZ and based at Albion Park Airfield (Illawarra Regional Airport).

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    Sisällysluettelo

    PBY oli monipuolinen lentovene. Sillä esimerkiksi löydettiin saksalaisen taistelulaiva Bismarck seurattiin sitä ja estettiin sen pakoonpääsemisen Saksan miehittämiin satamiin Ranskassa sekä löydettiin japanilaiset lentotukialukset Midwayn taistelussa.

    Konetyyppiä käytettiin myös liittoutuneiden laivojen turvana Saksan sukellusveneitä vastaan Atlantilla. Tämä oli ensimmäinen kokeilu myöhemmin mustan taivaan sukellusveneentorjunta -nimellä kutsutusta puolustustaktiikasta, jossa mahdollisimman runsaalla ilma-aseen läsnäololla pyritään ehkäisemään vastapuolen sukellusveneiden toimintaa.

    PBY pystyi lentämään yhtäjaksoisesti 18 tuntia tai lisäpolttoainesäiliöillä jopa 24 tuntia, joten se soveltui erinomaisesti tällaiseen työhön.

    Yhdysvaltain laivasto tilasi koneen prototyypin, Consolidated Malli 28 Catalinan, ensimmäisen kerran vuonna 1933 ja prototyyppi lensi kaksi vuotta myöhemmin maaliskuussa 1935. Malli oli hyvin lupaava ja suoritettuaan koelentonsa se vakiinnutti yhtämittaiseksi lentomatkaennätykseksi 5508 km. Massavalmistus alkoi välittömästi, ja toimitus Yhdysvaltain laivastolle alkoi lokakuussa 1936. Progressiivinen parantelu antoi tulokseksi uusia versioita ja tärkeä tuotantotyyppi, PBY-5-lentovene, toimitettiin vuonna 1940.

    Vuonna 1939 Ison-Britannian ilmailuministeriö hankki yhden malli 28:n ja sodan puhjetessa tilasi 50 lisää, ensimmäiset n. 500 koneesta, joita kuninkaalliset ilmavoimat tulivat käyttämään.

    Rannikko-osaston Catalinat tulivat palvelukseen vuonna 1941. Yksi niiden ensimmäisistä tehtävistä oli saman vuoden toukokuussa, kun joukko-osasto 1209:n Catalina havaitsi saksalaisen taistelulaiva Bismarckin.

    Vuoden 1939 loppupuolella alettiin suunnitella maihinnousuversiota, PBY-6A, joka ilmestyi käyttöön vuonna 1944, ja kun tämän mallin valmistus päättyi vuotta myöhemmin, oli Catalinaa valmistettu yli 3300 kappaletta.

    Catalinalla on vaikuttava sota-ansiorekisteri kaikilla rintamilla Tyynellä valtamereltä aina Venäjälle saakka: uransa aikana konetyyppi tuhosi yhteensä 196 U-venettä, sen lisäksi pelasti satoja liittoutuneiden lentokoneiden miehistöjä.

    Kokonaan mustiksi maalatut Yhdysvaltain laivaston PBY-5A:t, jotka tunnettiin nimellä "Black Cats" (Mustat Kissat), olivat käytössä Tyynellä valtamerellä häiritsemässä japanilaisia laivoja yöllä.


    Consolidated PBY Catalina

    XP3Y-1 - prototype
    XPBY-1 - modified XP3Y-1
    PBY-1 - serial version
    PBY-2 - modified tail
    PBY-3 - more powerful engine
    PBY-4 - more powerful engine
    PBY-5 - modified tail, convex dorsal shooting range
    PBY-5A - amphibian
    PBY-6A - high tail, amphibian
    PBN-1 Nomad - licensed version with reworked hull and high tail
    PB2B-1 - licensed PBY-5 built by Boeing of Canada
    PB2B-2 - PB2B-1 with high tail
    PBV-1A - licensed PBY-5A ordered from Canadian Vickers, delivered as OA-10A

    Canso - Canadian designation for PBY-5 (Catalina Mk.IIA)
    Canso A - Canadian designation for PBY-5A, specifically Catalina Mk.IA and licensed PBY-5A manufactured by Canadian Vickers

    Catalina Mk.I - British designation for PBY-5 bought directly
    Catalina Mk.IA - British designation for PBY-5A
    Catalina Mk.IB - British designation for PBY-5B (PBY-5 obtained through Lend- Lease)
    Catalina Mk.II - British designation for PBY-5 obtained through Lend-Lease, modified equipment
    Catalina Mk.IIA - directly ordered similar PBY-5 for Canada
    Catalina Mk.IIIA - British designation for PBY-5A, modified equipment
    Catalina Mk.IVA - British designation for PBY-5, modified equipment
    Catalina Mk.IVB - British designation for PB2B-1
    Catalina Mk.VI - British designation for PB2B-2

    OA-10 - PBY-5A taken over by USAAF
    OA-10A - PBY-5A made by Canadian Vickers for USAAF
    OA-10B - PBY-6A taken over by USAAF

    GST - Russian license variant PBY-1

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    Watch the video: Consolidated PBY-6A Catalina engine start, taxiing u0026 flying in 4K Ultra HD. (December 2022).

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